Quality Improvement in Budding Buds Sr. Sec. School by REDUCING BAG LOAD OF CHILDREN

Quality Improvement in Budding Buds Sr. Sec. School




Since the last several years the issue of weight of school bag was a matter of National debate. Way back in 1992 a National Advisory Committee was set up by the Government under the chairmanship of Prof. Yash Pal, former Chairman of the UGC to suggest ways and means to reduce academic burden on school students. The Committee popularly known as ‘Yash Pal Committee’, submitted its report in July 1993. On receipt of the Committee''s report, a Group was set up on 25-8-1993 under the chairmanship of Shri Y. N. Chaturvedi, Additional Secretary, Department of Education to examine the feasibility of implementing the recommendations made in the report of ‘Yash Pal Committee’. The Group submitted its report on 5-10-1993 and so on and so forth ………..……


This continued and in the absence of any concrete solution and stricter guidelines for compliance from CABE or MHRD or CBSE, etc., the bag load of children kept on increasing over the years.


Finally CBSE issued very valuable circulars vide no. 07/2006 dated 04-05-2006, no. 21/2007 dated 17-04-2007 and no. 43/08 dated 27-10-2008 on Reducing the bag load on children.  


In this age of ‘Kaizen’ (Japanese word which means ‘change for the better’ or ‘continuous improvement’) as an academic planner, we can really revolutionize the system by overhauling and technically designing an efficient and multidimensional ‘Time Table’.


To achieve this, we just have taken the following steps in our school :


1.    Reduce the number of subjects being taught per day.


2.Introduce the concept of ‘Block Period’ and thereby allot more duration to one subject per day and thereby reducing the number of days or periods per week, instead of allotting less duration for more number of days or periods per week. The central government controlled Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan also has the opinion that “..…. allotment of 35 to 45 minutes to one subject per day is insufficient to have creative and constructive group discussions or activities”. This will definitely lead to a collaborativelearning approach which will lead to less number of books and more of activities and development through practical approach.


This will no doubt be extremely valuable especially for Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation. In addition to this, the introduction of the concept of ‘Block Periods’ have multifaceted advantages which are mentioned in the various feedbacks that I have received, as under no situation, we, as educators, can ever think to compromise with the curriculum/academics.


3.Make clear indication in the Time Table of the subject(s) to be taught on a particular day so that in subjects like Social Science, Science, English, etc., where more than one text book is prescribed, the students do not have to unnecessarily carry all the books to school.


4.Intersperse academic subjects with soft skills and non-scholastic subjects like ‘Art’, ‘Craft’, ‘Physical Education’, ‘Music’, ‘Club Activities’, etc. 


5.Exercise books should never be more than 100 pages (including cover) and they should be always soft bound instead of hard bound.


6.If required, single exercise book can serve the purpose of class work as well as home work.


7.Create awareness amongst parents in checking the bags daily and keeping books and exercise books as per school time table. Spot checking of school bags are also to be done at school, care being taken so that bags of female students are never checked by male teachers.


With the abovementioned points in mind suitable steps can be taken, as has been done by us, which ultimately will lead to the drastic minimizing of bag load of children belonging to all classes.


I am sure that for any educator, this achievement will not be less, in any way, than that of Archimedes finding the concept of ‘buoyancy’.


Now, after its implementation in our school, even a class X student has only 3 subjects (academic) per day in her school time table and all the books, exercise books, tiffin box, water bottle, etc., together weigh much less than the sanctioned bag load for that class.


As per Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan’s circular no. F.11029/16/2009-KVS(HQrs)/Acad /Misc.  dated 29.12.2009, the maximum permissible bag loads are mentioned below.


Sl No


Maximum permissible Bag Load (including weight of school bag)



I & II






V to VII





After its successful implementation, some of the comments that we have received as feedback from various stake holders are given below.


Comments/Feedback from Teachers :- 


1.       “The workload of the students has been reduced since they are now doing maximum work inside the classroom itself”.


2.       “As an English teacher I feel that I have more time to involve all students in various activities. I can also give more time to provide feedback to students”.


3.       “We now have more time for drilling practice of lessons and concepts. As per CCE we can involve more students in classroom group activities”.


4.       “Lessons can be explained in detail”.


5.       “We are getting more time to devote to a particular topic and there is more interaction with the students”.


6.       “CCE can be dealt with more effectively due to the block periods”.


7.       “After implementing the new time table students are now able to complete their class work and many project related work in the school itself which in turn has reduced the study load at home”.


8.       “As a science teacher I can teach my lessons with lecture cum demonstration method at the same time due to availability of block periods”.


9.       “Proper and elaborate interaction with the students is now very much possible”.


10.     “More detailed explanation of the topics is now possible”.


11.     “More time can be given for both discussion as well as activities”.


12.     “Such block periods provide an ample scope to inculcate the scientific temperament through better student–teacher discussion/interaction and experiment”.


13.     “Students feel that there is less pressure for doing revision and daily home work is minimised”.


14.     “I feel that introduction of block periods in the routine has proved to be very beneficial on the part of teacher as well as the student. More availability of time helps the teacher to discuss a topic more precisely and to implement required activities. Moreover the students also get ample time to clear their doubts for a better understanding of the concepts”.


15.     “We get sufficient time to explain mathematical activities as well as project work due to block periods”.


16.     “Students are more enthusiastic to take active participation in the class because they get sufficient time to discuss on a particular topic in a group”.


17.     “Due to the present system, we the teachers are getting more time to discuss the subject matter in class room”.


18.     “Due to group discussion, quiz, activities etc., students can understand their individual quality and they can improve themselves”.


19.     “Better individual care can be given to all students”.


20.     “As activities are more, the students enjoy the class rather than reading and writing only. The class room is now more lively as teaching is done through an increased number of examples/projects, etc”.


21.     “We felt that we are getting more time to interact with the students”.


22.     “Block period concept has changed the classroom environment. Teaching learning process is now more interactive and student-centered”.


23.     “All students do not learn at the same rate, block scheduling allows students to learn as per their capabilities. The rigidity of the traditional period (with 40min / period) does not provide students any extra time to adjust to their learning needs or to explore an idea in-depth”.


24.     “Before this new concept (block period) most of the students were not able to complete their assigned work due to time constraints in the classroom”.


25.     “As a computer teacher, I feel that these days students are more interested in practical classes because they are getting more time to practice in the present system”.


Comments/Feedback from Students :- 

1.         “We feel that there is less pressure for doing revision and daily home work is minimized”.


2.         “I get more time to discuss about various projects and activities”.


3.         “I get better feedback from teachers”.


4.         “Our bag load lessened and we feel relaxed”.


5.         “More concentration can be given on a particular subject due to block periods”.


6.         “Now I have to do preparation only for few subjects before coming to the school”.


7.         “I have become interested in doing different activities in the present environment”.


8.         “Students feel that there is less pressure for doing class work and home work load is minimized as well. They also get more time to study a subject and they get the opportunity to clear doubts in class itself”.


9.         “Number of absentees will reduce as the frequency of subjects in time table has decreased due to the incorporation of block periods”.


Comments/Feedback from Parents :- 


1.         “Drastic reduction in bag load”.


2.         “Increases the concentration of the child in a particular subject”.


3.         “Happy with the lessened bag load of our wards”.


4.         “Our children are getting more time for the submission of their home works”.


5.         “Home work load has reduced a lot”.


6.         “Children are getting more time to study a particular subject”.


7.         “My child can concentrate more and can clear up her doubts in the school itself”.


8.         “Students’ general work load has reduced”.


9.         “I feel that this drastic reduction in bag load of my child will prove beneficial to her physical and mental health. I also feel that my child is getting more time to study a particular subject as the burden of home work is much reduced”.